Increased Airpower Before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour

Increased Airpower Before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour - Asian continent is considered backward in the affairs of the war machine technology. Consequently the title of "underdog" is always attached to the nations of this region. This nickname persisted despite the Japanese Navy Fleet managed to bulldoze Russian fleet at Tsushima Strait in 1908.

Since then secretly Japan began to develop into one of the giants miiiter world. At once dreamed to be a leader throughout the Eastern parts of the World. Amazingly none of the allies were aware of this development until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.
The history of Japanese aircraft began in mid 1891. When it was a local businessman named Chuhachi Ninomiya successfully flew a model airplane that is only powered machine with rubber torsion. This success then triggers Ninomiya create a larger-scale aircraft models. But this time the power obtained from the rotation vane comes from a commonly used on engine hours. This trial was also successful. Unfortunately this effort disappear by itself, but secretly interested parties will attempt AD Japan Ninomiya.

Story world aerospace Japan resumed in 1910. When the country's defense ministry sent two of his army officers to Europe to learn to fly. Later that year both return and show off his skill with the two aircraft flew the Henri Farman and Grade that also carries.
After that purchase quantities flying war machine was performed. Noted aircraft of the type Sopwith Strutters, Nieuport Bebe, and SPADS in the long arms purchases of Japan after World War I. Begin trend of military aircraft entering Japan.

This step bore the seeds of a desire to make the best homemade. This was proved by the efforts of Captain Tokugawa -one of a Europe-modifying graduate Farman biplane to be capable of better. Debris was then made en masse by the Japanese Army Air Balloon Unit in Nakano, around Tokyo. Thus Farman modification, marking the first plane to be made domestically.

In addition to licensed products and modifications, the original design of the children's work also began to try made. Floatplane winged double (float biplanes) type Yokosho so the first Japanese air original design. Lt. one Chikuhei Nakajima and Lt. two Kishichi Magoshi so the designer in 1916. However, this success does not necessarily make hearts satisfied. The proof is in the era of the 20s Japan was still trying to pick the best experts from outside. Still one source with Farman, the British, this time Herbert Smith brought to work at Mitsubishi. Smith was none other than the elder designer manufacturers from the famous Sopwith Sopwith Camel with his work during World War I.



Since then began to appear in the Japanese aerospace industry. There are three names that dominate, respectively Mitsubishi, Nakajima, and Kawasaki. The big three have become active since the late 1910s. Mitsubishi and Kawasaki initiate steps to set up heavy industries division (heavy industries department) which is part of their other products. Nakajima're really built to make the plane by a derivative of the famous conglomerate, Mitsui.

Over the past 15 years in the future of these industries still rely on imported technology. There are three countries that so references to these matters, namely: French, English, and German. At that time the young engineers of Japan also sent to America to study the problem the industry and the development of high-tech devices. However at the beginning of the era of the 30s the Japanese army and navy began enforcing the new rules. All aircraft industry must be independent, either airframe or kitchen runway used. But these rules are still not hinder the country's import from outside the aircraft inevitably do take effect for the development of its aviation industry.
Only in 1936 the rule was actually implemented. Because at that time the Japanese have managed to make himself some military aircraft. Carrying the name of Mitsubishi Ki-21, Ki-15, and the twin-engine bomber entered Emitter G3M1 fighter list nesting on the ground. In addition it also made military aircraft that can be at sea kinds B5N1 Nakajima and Mitsubishi A5M1.


A year later, Japanese aircraft production capability has increased dramatically. The cause is none other than because of the Sino-Japanese conflict erupts. 193S Year again new rules created. Emitter this rule mentioned all aircraft manufacturer which has assets in excess of three million yen will be in direct control by the government. These include surveillance equipment, engineering, to the production plan. As a reward behind all taxes including customs fees paid by the government.
In March 1941 the Japanese aircraft industry has been given a cue in order to prepare for the great war will erupt. The command to build aircraft with special technical specifications too hastily given to some manufacturers. Funds to undertake this mission is also not restricted. Besides relying on cash loan systems of banks industry also employed. In addition to money matters, the Japanese Army and Navy of Japan also lends its various industrial devices. ironically owned industrial tool of the Japanese Army should not be used to manufacture the aircraft belonged to the Japanese Navy. The same also applies vice versa.
Aviation history's first recorded Japanese Army began in early 1877 with the use of a hot air balloon for military purposes. Unit air balloon is then involved in military operations in the Russian-Japanese conflict in 1904. At that time deployed two successful balloon unit has conducted 14 missions to target Russian forces barracks in Port Arthur.

After sending several officers to France during World War 1 broke out in Europe, AD finally officially formed air force unit. With a name of a battalion of air transport (Air Battalion of the Army Transport Command), this unit was formed in December 1915. Four years later the division is done by raising the level into class divisions (Army Air Division). Major General Ikutaro Inouye finished its first commander.

Activities of this division increased with the arrival of the French mission. The mission is led by Colonel Faure 63 pilot study followed a qualified instructor. In addition succession brought also some French-made fighter planes potent famous during World War I. Some of them are SPAD S-13C-1 which was later adopted by the Army as the standard fighter aircraft. In addition it also brought Nieuport 24C-1 (combat training) and Salmson 2A-2 (reconnaissance). Both types had finally made domestically by the manufacturer Nakajima and Kawasaki. Besides participated also attended a British plane that is Sopwith Pup and Avro 504 K.

In early May 1925 established the Japanese army air corps (Army Air Corps / AAC). With the change earlier this then the air units have an equal footing with other ground units such as cavalry and infantry. Lt. Gen. Kinichi Yasumitsu then in control of 3,700 personnel plus a total of 500 aircraft.
Combat experience in Vladivostok (1920) and the conflict in Tsinan, China (1928) so the initial test reliability AAC. However, this only small battles, a rather large conflict AAC acted when required after an incident Manchuria and Shanghai (1931-32). The aircraft involved in the mission are Mitsubishi Type 87 (light bomber) in combination with hunters Nakajima Type 91. But the problem is the second aircraft was less capable when used against the Chinese Air Force aircraft. However the strength continues to grow until the eve of World War 2 the composition of the US Army Japan consists of a total of 1,500 combat-ready aircraft. In a large-scale battle AD inherit the task of maintaining the land area that has been mastered.
Steps to project air power that has the ability of motion of the sea (naval aviation) appeared in June 1912. At first it is only aviation, marine researchers entity (Naval Aeronautical Research). This step is also offset by the purchase of aircraft water (seaplane) and send three naval officers to France and America. As a result two planes from Farman and Curtiss taken along back to my hometown.

Exercise is limited to giving birth Navy pilot was then started and then followed by the operation of ships which could launch a sea plane, Wakamiya Maru. With this addition the Japanese Navy vessel for the first time demonstrate the ability to hold offensive operations (offensive) by sea plane. During September and October 1914 the Japanese Navy bulldoze German fortifications in Tsingtao. Amazingly when she was nascent, this unit successfully killed a German minesweeper
Several important events then coloring the development of the Japanese Navy air units. The first occurred during the period 1916 to 1918, when it was formed two Navy air corps based in Yokosuka and Sasebo. Another event is the success of the pilot to take off a plane Sopwith Pup of the upper deck of the ship. The trial was conducted in 1920 on board Wakamiya Maru that have been recast.

Reorganization professionally then performed at the beginning of the era of the 30s, after the AL involved in military operations against the armed forces of China. In contrast to AD, for the affairs of fighter development AL arguably more finicky. Look at the best design program that should have the ability required in 7-Shi was considered too ambitious. As a result, most manufacturers are the best in the country raised their hands to me-fulfill these demands. Finally, two years later Navy revise the terms earlier in the program nine-shi. This step proved to be right. As a result of various types of fighter who has the ability to eventually qualified to attend. Some of them are hunters Mitsubishi A5m, Mitsubishi G3m bomber, Yokosuka B4Y, and floatplane Kawanishi H6K.


Precisely when the second Sino-Japanese conflict broke out (1937) Navy air power really shows its fangs. Until the eve of the Pacific War, the Navy has estimated the total strength of 3,000 combat aircraft of various types. Nearly half of them deployed at the front line. In a large-scale battle AL acquired the allocation of carrying out deadly attacks on vital enemy targets such as at the time of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.
Geographical backgrounds can also foster the idea of ​​a military strategy that will be applied. Unlike the Americans who got grounded for his own area. One thing that is not owned by the Japanese. Therefore build aircraft carrier force [aircraft carrier) is considered as the most appropriate solution. Inter-carrier battle tactics were then trying to develop. The reason, with this tactic to crush the enemy fleet no longer need a large-caliber cannons. Just launch just dive bombers and torpedo. Didaratanpun target selection Iebih can be flexible, do not dwell only near the shore.

British aviator mission trip in 1921 led Sempill further accelerate the realization of the strategy of the Japanese military. Thanks to the involvement England, at the end of 1922 meluncurlah Hosho, the first ship in the world that is really designed as an aircraft carrier. Efforts did not stop there. Proven in 1925 the Navy could then build two more aircraft carriers, the Akagi and Kaga. In terms of carrying capacity of both vessels is included in heavyweight.


The picture is as follows: Akagi has a transport capacity of 19 dive bombers, 35 torpedo bombers and only 12 fighter planes. The ship is later used as a flag ship (flagship), Admiral Nagumo when the attack on Pearl Harbour. Average Kaga has the ability to accommodate 24 dive bombers, 36 torpedo bombers and 12 fighters.

Still not enough, in 1936, Japan began to build large aircraft carrier Iebih, Shokaku. This ship has a payload capacity 27 dive and torpedo bombers and 18 fighters. Besides light carrier also built. In the year 1931-32 aircraft carrier Soryu and Hiryu had begun. Both have a transport capacity of 18 dive bombers and torpedo plus nine hunters. Japan then makes the aircraft carrier as the main attack machine. Just before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour this samurai country has 10 pieces of the aircraft carrier ready for the motion of the various classes.